All you need to know while choosing the right bricks for dream home construction

Bricks are one of the oldest materials used for home construction and other building construction. While cement is the material that holds the other materials together, bricks are the base of the structure. Without bricks, building a house or other infrastructure would not be easy. Bricks are one of the most durable materials used for building, enhancing the strength and longevity of dream home construction. 

What are bricks?

When you think about bricks, the image that immediately pops into your head is that of a rust-red-coloured rectangular object with a porous and rough structure. However, bricks can come in many forms, made of various materials, depending on the requirements of home construction or building construction for the choice of bricks. 

Types of Bricks

The type of brick depends on the materials used to create them, the type of construction, be it residential construction or building skyscrapers, and the construction requirements. However, the five most common brick types are burnt clay, engineering bricks, fly ash clay, sand lime and concrete 

There are many types of bricks that are best suited for different geographies, type and requirements of construction and applications which are broadly classified as below.

1. Sun-Dried Bricks

The most primitive type of brick used in construction, these unburnt bricks are dried in the sun for hardening as opposed to being burnt in kilns. Sun-dried bricks show lesser water and fire resistance and hence are less durable.  These bricks are mostly used in rural areas or in temporary brick constructions.  

2. Burnt Clay Bricks

Burnt clay bricks are the oldest and extensively used construction material. These superior quality bricks are used in the construction of walls, columns, foundation, etc. Burnt bricks are further classified into 4 different types: 

First-Class Bricks 

This type of burnt clay bricks comply with all the qualities of good bricks. Burnt in kilns, these bricks maintain a standard shape, smooth surface, sharp edges, durable and strong. 

Second-Class Bricks 

Bricks of moderate quality with irregular shape and rough surface, these are ground-moulded and burnt in kilns. These bricks may possess hair cracks. These bricks are used in construction where the brickwork is covered with a coat of plaster. 

Third-Class Bricks

As the name suggests, these poor quality bricks are usually used to build temporary structures. These bricks aren’t an effective building material in areas of heavy rainfall. Third Class bricks, moulded on the ground and burnt in clamps, have rough surfaces with unfair edges. 

Fourth-Class Bricks

These over-burnt, irregular shaped and dark bricks are commonly used as an aggregate for concrete in foundations, roads, floors, etc. The compact structure, makes these bricks stronger than the first-class bricks. 

3. Fly Ash Bricks

Fly ash brick is specifically used in masonry units. It contains fly ash (a by-product of burning coal) and water and is burnt at over 1,000 °C. Due to the high concentration of calcium oxide in class C fly ash, these bricks are often described as “self-cementing” bricks typically used in structural walls, pillars, and foundations in residential construction. 

4. Concrete Bricks

Concrete bricks are made from solid concrete combined with ingredients like cement, sand, coarse aggregates, and water. The sizes of these bricks can be tailored to suit the requirements like facades, hidden/internal brickworks, fences, etc. These bricks are preferred for their outstanding aesthetic presence. 

5. Engineering Bricks

With high compressive strength, the engineering bricks are used where strength, acid resistance, low porosity, frost resistance are critical. Engineering bricks are best suited for structures like basements owing to their high resistance to chemicals and water. 

6. Calcium Silicate Bricks

Calcium Silicate Bricks also commonly known as Sand lime bricks, are made using a mix of lime, sand, and fly ash. These bricks serve a variety of purposes like masonry works, ornamental building works etc. 

Porotherm Smart Bricks Or Eco Bricks

Porotherm hollow brick is smart walling material that retains the advantages of natural clay. These perforated hollow bricks with either horizontal (HP) or vertical perforation (VP) are used in many residential and commercial projects. Hassle-free application and regular support from technical experts have made Porotherm Bricks a preferred choice of home builders in urban India. 

Things to consider when deciding which type of brick to use.

When planning your dream home construction, the bricks to be used will have a big impact on the style of the building, interiors and exteriors. Some home builders prefer the classic red brick for a traditional brick house look. The use of mortar also changes the look of your dream home construction. It can give a contrasting look, a contemporary feel, or even a rustic expression.

Bricks for home construction have many advantages

Strength – the design of the bricks makes them robust. 

Aesthetics–as mentioned above, the type of bricks used conveys varied creative expressions.  

Fire resistant– building with bricks also means fire protection if the bricks are prepared properly. 

Insulation – Bricks are also the most effective for insulation required in residential building construction. It has better thermal insulation than other materials as it absorbs and releases heat at a slower rate. Brick construction conserves 50% more energy than wood. 


Therefore, when choosing the most suitable bricks for house construction, consider all the above information. In addition to this, one must also choose the right home builder who will consider all your inputs when involved in your dream home construction.


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